French Grammar Guide for non-francophones

Possessive Pronouns (e.g.: le mien, le tien, le sien, etc.)

Possessive pronouns replace nouns that belong to someone. The important thing to keep in mind is that they show gender and number agreement with the noun they replace. Note also that they are never followed directly by a noun.

The different forms a possessive pronoun can take are presented in the following table:

  Singular  Plural 
English Masculine Feminine Masculine Feminine
"mine" le mien la mienne les miens les miennes
"yours" (tu) le tien la tienne les tiens les tiennes
"his", "hers", "its" le sien la sienne les siens les siennes
"ours" le nôtre la nôtre les nôtres les nôtres
"yours" (vous) le vôtre la vôtre les vôtres les vôtres
"theirs" le leur la leur les leurs les leurs

 

  • Don't confuse the possessive determiner (notre maison) with the possessive pronoun (la nôtre).
  • Never use a noun directly after a possessive pronoun. You can write notre maison, c'est la nôtre, but NOT la nôtre maison.

 

Verb conjugation:
 
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