French Grammar Guide for non-francophones

Independent Pronouns  (e.g.: moi, toi, lui, etc.)

Questions about Independent Pronouns

Q: Why is it Moi et ma soeur allons le faire and NOT Moi et ma soeur vont le faire?

Here the subject is equivalent to nous. As such, the verb must end in -ons.

Q: Why is it Il me voit and NOT Il voit moi?

Most pronouns come before the verb in French.

Q: Why is it Je pense à lui and NOT Je lui pense?

This is an exception. When using the verb penser with a human object ("to think about someone"), use an independent pronoun after the verb.

Q: Why is it C'est moi qui dois le faire and NOT C'est moi qui doit le faire?

Here, the subject is moi (1st person singular), so the verb must have the "je" ending, which is -s for -ir verbs.

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