French Grammar Guide for non-francophones

Futur proche (e.g.: je vais parler)

An Overview of the Futur Proche

 The futur proche ("near future") is used to describe an action that will take place in the future, e.g.: je vais étudier demain soir. While the name "proche" suggests that the action being described will happen quite soon, that is not necessarily the case. For example, it would be perfectly acceptable to write Dans 100 ans, la vie va être très différente. The futur proche is an alternative to the simple future, but both can be used in writing for near or distant future actions.

How to Form the Futur Proche

The futur proche is formed by using the present tense of the verb aller followed by an infinitive. This is illustrated in the following table:

futur proche Translation
je vais parler
"I am going to speak"
tu vas parler
"you are going to speak"
il,elle, on va parler
"he, she, one is going to speak"
nous allons parler
"we are going to speak"
vous allez parler "you are going to speak"
ils/elles vont parler
"they are going to speak"

Futur simple or Futur Proche?

These can both be used to describe future events. Some grammarians have suggested that the future proche is preferred for events that are more certain or likely to occur in the near future. However, both kinds of future can be used with such events. The main difference is that the future simple is more formal and more frequent when writing.

Verb conjugation:
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